But there is reason to believe that the two cases — The German Reparations of World War II and the American Reparations of Slavery — are less different than Eizenstat`s argument. The most frequent criticism is that slavery ended in 1865 and cannot or should not be taken into account monetary in 2020. But although most German reparations were paid to Jews less than a decade after the Holocaust, Eizenstat and others successfully negotiated reparations for the victims much later. Recent reparations were seized by the Claims Conference in 2013, when the German government agreed to pay about $1 billion for home care for older Holocaust survivors. Eizenstat fears that reparations could fuel racial tensions in the United States. But Holocaust reparations did not provoke an anti-Semitic counter-reaction from frustrated Germans. Instead, it launched a genuine movement of reconciliation and recognition that passed the test of time. In 2019, the nonprofit Interest Commission Anti-Defamation League found that 15 percent of Germans had anti-Semitic views, well below the average of 25 percent in Western Europe and 34 percent in Eastern Europe. “If you don`t look at the past, it will always be there,” says Lily Gardner Feldman, a senior fellow at the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies at Johns Hopkins University. Opposition to the remediation agreement has been violent and entrenched in both Germany and Israel. In Germany, the rejection of negotiations was rooted in political and economic interests. A large number of members of the CDU and CSU Bundestag opposed the negotiations for the sake of Germany`s solvency.
In the early 1950s, Germany was still deeply challenged by the structural ravages of war. These members expressed their concern by opposing the ratification of the agreement in 1953. Politicians like Franz-Josef Strauß and Fritz Schäffer, both CSU MPs (Schäffer was also finance minister), rejected the negotiations and the conclusion for fear of an imminent Arab economic boycott and a loss of the market in the Middle East. .