Negotiations are not yet complete and aim at the gradual and reciprocal opening of public procurement in all sectors (including utility companies and concessions) on the basis of gradual alignment with EU directives and institutional reform in Ukraine. The extent of market access is linked to the level achieved by regulatory and administrative reform. We believe that independent membership of the GPA is an essential part of the UK`s future trade policy. It is important that the United Kingdom continue to have fair and competitive access to the $1.7 trillion annual procurement market opened under the GPA, and that it has a voice in the development of the rules that underpin the system. the elimination of specific exceptions maintained by some parties to the GPA, which render, in practice, inaccessible to the markets promised by these parties. An example in the area of utilities is the operational security clause, whose extensive use excludes access to the Japanese rail supply market. As far as public services are concerned, the EU and Chile open their markets through public bodies operating in ports and airports. The applicable thresholds are set at the same value for the EU and Chile and are identical to those applicable in the Supply Directive. In the utilities sector, Mexico opens public procurement in the railway, telecommunications and energy sectors (petrol and gas), while the EU includes public procurement and state-owned enterprises in the electricity, drinking water, urban transport, airports and sea or inland sectors.
The ASA and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia were signed on 9 April 2001 and came into force on 1 April 2004 . There was no provision on public procurement in the global finanti that came into force in June 2001 . GPA membership is limited to WTO members who have specifically signed or subsequently joined the GPA. WTO members are not required to join the GPA, but the United States urges all WTO members to participate in this important agreement. Several countries, including China, Jordan and Moldova, are negotiating GPA membership. The MPA does not automatically apply to all public procurement of contracting parties. On the contrary, MPA coverage is defined in the GPA schedules for each of the contracting parties, which define the central and sub-central public authorities as well as the public service bodies that each party has required to comply with the GPA. With the exception of EFTA countries , whose final offers were in line with those of the EC, no other party was able to meet the EC`s demand for coverage. Thus, the Community had to adapt its final offer to the degree of openness of the markets of the other contracting parties. Nevertheless, EU job and procurement obligations are the most important, as they cover purchasing opportunities at both the central and sub-centralised levels, including the acquisition of these entities and public enterprises active in the utility sector.