Given that the 1999 Act respects the right of the promised person to apply the contract in its common law power , the question is open as to the extent to which a commitment can claim damages for a benefit on behalf of a third party if it has not suffered any personal harm. In Jackson v Horizon Holidays Ltd Lord Denning MR stated that a father could seek damages for the disappointment (beyond the financial cost) of a terrible holiday experience on behalf of his family. However, a majority of the House of Lords of Woodar Investment Development Ltd/Wimpey Construction UK Ltd rejected any broad ability of a party to claim damages on behalf of a third party, except perhaps in a small group of contracts with consumers. There is disagreement as to whether it will last.  There are also difficulties in cases where defects are sold to a buyer who then sells to a third party. It appears that the original purchaser cannot claim on behalf of the third party, nor will the third party be able under the 1999 Act, as it is not, as a rule, identified in advance (or known) by the original contract.  Apart from this case, which concerns an unlawful act, in practice, the doctrine of La Privity is totally ignored in many situations, in all the law of trusts and freedom of decision. While the Disclosure and Misrepresentation Act is intended to inform (or not) the contracting parties, the law also says that agreements can be avoided if, in a very general sense, a person`s free will has been compromised. The full exercise of “free will” is rare for most people because they make decisions in a limited range of alternatives.
The law still keeps people on almost all contracts (when laws are not activated by consumers, employment, rents, etc.), unless a person has been coerced, overly influenced or exploited while in a vulnerable position. Like a misrepresentation, the victim can circumvent the contract and the parties can restore their property to nullify the unjust enrichment, subject to the victim`s claim for damages, unless none of the four barriers to resignation are tolerated (i.e. no excessive delay, confirmation of contract, infringement of the rights of an innocent third party and possible counter-replacement).