Sykes Picot Agreement Primary Sources

The agreement was based on the premise that the Triple Agreement took place during the First World War and aimed at other objectives in the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and was part of a series of secret agreements that reflected on its partition. The first negotiations that led to the agreement took place between 23 November 1915 and 3 January 1916, during which British and French diplomats Mark Sykes and Fran├žois Georges-Picot signed an agreed memorandum. [3] The agreement was ratified by their respective governments on 9 and 16 May 1916. [4] US President Woodrow Wilson rejected all secret agreements between allies and encouraged open diplomacy and ideas of self-determination. On November 22, 1917, Leon Trotsky sent a note to the petrograd ambassadors that “contained proposals for a ceasefire and democratic peace without annexation and without compensation based on the principle of nation independence and their right to determine the nature of their own development.” [68] Peace negotiations with the four-year Alliance – Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey – began a month later in Brest-Litovsk. On behalf of the Quadrennial Alliance, Count Czernin replied on 25 December that “the question of the nationality of national groups that do not have the independence of the state should be constitutionally resolved by any state and its peoples independently” and that “the right of minorities is an essential part of the constitutional right of peoples to self-determination”. [69] The Sykes-Picot Agreement (officially the 1916 agreement on Asia Minor) was a secret agreement between the British government and the French government during World War I on the division of the Ottoman Empire between the Allies. Russia also participated in the talks. When France and Great Britain went to war, they were convinced that the Arab parts of the Ottoman Empire were not ready to self-manage and that they were far from ready – the statesmen of both countries were entirely in agreement on this point.

The question they wanted to clarify was not whether these areas would be under foreign surveillance, because it was an obvious conclusion, but which areas would be supervised by France and those that would be supervised by Great Britain.