The Unified Patent Tribunal is a tribunal that resembles the contracting Member States and is therefore part of its legal system. The Court has exclusive rights to European and European unitary patents. The Court of Justice does not have jurisdiction over other national patents. 3. In the context of negotiating international agreements that could affect or alter the scope of the Brussels I regulation attached to this agreement, Denmark will coordinate its position with the Community and refrain from any action that would compromise the objectives of a Community position within its jurisdiction in such negotiations. (a) in jurisdiction, where the defendant is domiciled in Denmark or where Article 22 or 23 of the Regulation, which applies to relations between the Community and Denmark under Article 2 of this agreement, confers jurisdiction on the courts of Denmark; In a referendum on 3 December 2015, Denmark voted `no` to EU cooperation in the field of justice and home affairs, under conditions similar to those decided by the UK under the Maastricht Treaty. After the granting of four exemptions to Denmark under the Edinburgh Agreement, the Danish parliament feared that these opt-outs would restrict Danish interests within the EU. Since the signing of the Treaty of Amsterdam (or the Treaty of Amsterdam) in 1997, many issues relating to the JAI have been decided by qualified majority and not unanimously. As a result, Denmark was unable to participate in these decisions because of the opt-outs provided for by the Edinburgh Agreement.
Danish political parties have been unhappy about being forced to grant long and complex procedures to conclude parallel agreements with the EU on an individual basis. Although Denmark participates in European police cooperation (Europol), the Europol rules were changed in 2015 and these amendments should be decided by qualified majority, indicating that, under the new conditions, Denmark would not participate in Europol. With other problems faced by Denmark in the area of judicial cooperation, including counter-terrorism activities, the circumstances that led to the request for a referendum were established. In 2012, the EU institutions adopted an overhaul of the Brussels I regulation, which replaced the 2001 regulation effective January 10, 2015.  The overhaul also stagnates for the jurisdiction of non-residents of third countries, removes the formalities of recognition of judgments and simplifies the procedure for a court chosen by the parties to initiate proceedings (although the procedure has already begun in another Member State). In December 2012, Denmark notified the Commission of its decision to implement the content of the 2012 regulation The Standing Committee of the Lugano Convention considered amending the Lugano Convention in accordance with the redesign, but “did not make any recommendations regarding the possible modification of the Lugano Convention and did not take any further action.”  The purpose of the regulation is to determine jurisdiction, that is, the jurisdiction or courts that will be able to decide the case. This does not mean that the applicable law will be the law of the court. It is possible and often that a national court applies foreign law. As a general rule, it is the defendant`s home that decides which of the courts is competent in a particular case.
From a British point of view, the Convention could also become more important after the WITHDRAWAL from the EU and any agreed transitional period will expire, so that the current rules on judicial competence and enforcement of judgments will no longer apply to the UK after the Brussels regulation has been overhauled.