I have met with a large number of bidders, particularly in large-scale government and CPSE projects, who discuss over a long period of time in between, without reaching conclusions. My opinion on whether I should face a chance as a consortium or as a joint venture would be based on pre-qualification criteria and the proposed financial model. Another example is the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a consortium that standardizes web technologies such as HTML, XML and CSS. Unlike a joint venture, consortia act independently in their day-to-day operations. Co-optition is a word marked by collaboration and competition. It is used when, on the other hand, companies work with competitors in a consortium to cooperate in areas that are not strategic for their core business. They prefer to reduce their costs in these non-strategic areas and compete in other areas where they can better differentiate. In France, the consortium, which is part of a joint venture, has important theoretical and practical importance. The French legal system does not contain a definition and does not explicitly use the concept of a joint venture or consortium (temporary groups of companies). The consortium agreement in France is a purely contractual cooperation contract that does not involve the creation of a third party. The consortium has no legal personality or legal personality. The contract is concluded between two or more individuals or corporations who undertake to carry out certain works in order to carry out a common project that the members of the consortium could not carry out themselves.
The consortium agreement is not expressly governed by the French legislator, but it is authorized in light of the principle of contractual freedom set out in s. 6 and 1134 of the French Civil Code. For example, the Five College Consortium of Massachusetts includes the University of Massachusetts Amherst, Mount Holyoke College, Hampshire College, Smith College and Amherst College. Students attending one of these schools can attend classes at any other partner school at no additional cost. These educational consortia include partnerships between institutions that are close. Other consortia include The Quaker Consortium, The Claremont Colleges and Big Ten Academic Alliance.