The explosion of Christianity in the country is mostly observed in Protestant Protestant Protestant churches. Catholicism is a relatively small religion, with about 10-12 million esteemed followers. The agreement only concerns the appointment of bishops. Other important issues that the Vatican wanted to address were not addressed, but the Chinese side refused to discuss before signing. The issue of clandestine bishops and priests is not addressed; the status of the Chinese Episcopal Conference, which is not recognized by Rome because it includes only bishops recognized by the state or the number of dioceses on the continent. The interim agreement, signed in Beijing by the deputy foreign ministers of both sides, was described by the Vatican as a “result of gradual and reciprocal rapprochement” after a lengthy process of careful negotiations and regular review. Zhao Lijian, a spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry, said: “After friendly negotiations, China and the Vatican have decided to extend the temporary agreement on the appointment of bishops by two years. Lateran Treaty (Italian: Patti Lateranensi, Latin: Pacta Lateranensia) was part of the 1929 Latran Pacts, an agreement between the Kingdom of Italy under Benito Mussolini and the Holy See under Pius XI to resolve the long-standing Roman question. The treaty and related pacts were named after the Laterian Palace, where they were signed on 11 February 1929, and the Italian Parliament ratified them on 7 June 1929. The Treaty recognized Vatican City as an independent state under the sovereignty of the Holy See.
The Italian government also agreed to grant the Roman Catholic Church financial compensation for the loss of the papal states.  In 1947, the Laterian Treaty was recognized in the Italian Constitution as a settlement of relations between the state and the Catholic Church. The agreements included a political treaty that created the Vatican City State and guaranteed the Holy See full and independent sovereignty. The Pope has been committed to constant neutrality in international relations and abstention from mediation in a controversy, unless all parties expressly demand it. In the first article of the treaty, Italy reaffirmed the principle, enshrined in the statute of the Kingdom of Italy of 4 March 1848, that “the Catholic, apostolic and Roman religion is the only religion of the state.”  The annexed financial agreement was accepted as a settlement of all the Holy See`s claims against Italy resulting from the loss of temporal power of the Papal States in 1870. To date, the text of the interim agreement has been kept secret, much to the chagrin of many Chinese Catholics who say that secrecy allows the Chinese authorities to assert that bishops and priests must obey their instructions because the Vatican agrees with Beijing.